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only to China). There are 762 persons per square mile, with about 73 percent of the population living in
rural areas.

Bombay is the largest city with 9,925,891 in 1991, and there are about 17 other cities with a population
of more than one million.

There are more than 1,600 languages or dialects spoken in India, comprising 16 major language
groups. The official language is Hindi; however, English is accepted by the constitution as an associate
language and is approved for official purposes.

The major religious groups are Hindus (83%), Muslims (11%), Christians (2%), Sikhs (2%), Buddhists
(0.7%), and Jains (0.5%).

The culture is primarily Hindu-oriented, with the caste system still greatly effecting the Indian society.

From Microsoft Encarta 96 Encyclopedia